of the tariff schedule
Indonesia applies a nine-digit
tariff nomenclature based on the Harmonized System. The tariff schedule
has six columns showing the import duty rates as well as the rates of additional
import duties, value added tax, sales tax on luxury goods, and import trade
The last column is reserved
to accommodate other provisions which are not yet accommodated in the previous
International Customs Tariff
International customs Journal,
No. 63, 9th ed., October 1994.
Bundesstelle für Aussenhandeslinformation,
BFAI, customs tariff, 1998.
are classified in four broad groups for tariff assessment purposes, with
the highest duties applying to the least essential items:
A for most essential items such as, rice, flour, certain iron and steel
products, certain organic chemicals and pharmaceuticals, cotton, medicine,
some fertilizers and insecticides, agricultural and industrial machinery
and equipment, and some raw materials.
B includes essential items, i.e. materials and spare parts for industry.
C for less essential items, and in
D, luxury goods, some consumer goods; and in the case of manufactured goods
and machinery, finished goods and those that lessen the need for manpower
are subject to higher rates of duty.
tariffs are high on goods less essential for economic development and basic
consumer needs and goods competing with locally produced items.
duty rates range from 5% to 30% based on the CIF value.
All food items are dutiable at a maximum of 5%. Motor vehicles are
dutiable at up to 80%, with automotive parts dutiable at 15%. Distilled
spirits and certain basic chemicals are dutiable at 170%. In the
agricultural sector, some products such as wheat, rice flour, yellow soybeans,
cane sugar, coconut and palm oil are zero rated.
rates are set on about 38.4% on all goods, 47.3% on agricultural goods,
and 36.8% on manufacturing goods.
reductions and suspensions are granted to investment import destined to
selected internal market oriented industries and certain service activities.
Goods imported for use in the manufacture of export products are exempt
from import duties, value-added taxes, and sales taxes, as are goods imported
for use in foreign-funded government projects. The main exemptions
or reductions cover the importation of capital goods and raw materials
used in the production processes of projects approved by BKPM. There
are also schemes of drawback and exemption which provide for the importation
of inputs free of tariffs and licensing requirements. Also, the Finance
Ministry may grant additional tariff exemptions to promote certain industries,
e.g. certain cable makers and producers of electronic products for imports
the Minister of Finance Decree No. 379/KMK.01/1996, dated June 4, 1996,
suspended rates apply to basic materials and components for the production
of electronic components which may be imported. In the same line,
reduced and suspended rates apply to machinery for use in certain industries,
such as wool, textile, leather, shoes; materials and parts for the manufacture
of heavy machinery; equipment used for recycling of waste and materials
used for environmental protection. Reduced import rates are set on
some 153 goods, mainly raw materials for the textile, timber, chemical
and leather industries and they range from 5% to 10%.
No. 373/KMK.01/1997 of the Finance Minister, reduced rates are set on parts
used for assembling rotary engines and components used for rotary engines;
and by Decree No. 347/KMK.01/1999 suspended rates apply to goods used for
the production of components, accessories and coachwork for special motor
vehicles, basic materials for automotive component production, and goods
from bonded warehouses to be processed in other goods or manufacturing
motor vehicles destined for export effective from June 1999.
Indonesia has implemented successive reform packages starting from may
1995 to July 1997. With the May 1995 package, in addition to a substantial
reduction of duties on two-thirds of tariff lines and the elimination of
surcharges, the package introduced a medium-term schedule for tariff reductions.
Tariffs up to 20% are to be reduced to 5% by the year 2000, and tariffs
higher than 20% are to be reduced by 10% by 2003. The reduction scheme
extends to all food items to a maximum of 5%. Recently the Indonesian
government has reduced import duties on several items to prepare Indonesian
industries to face a free market in the region: Under the new regulations,
the import duty on upstream products of chemicals has been cut from 20
per cent to zero and that on microscopes, microphotographs and cinematographs
from five per cent to zero. And import duty on machines in the framework
of building/development of industries, service industries, materials for
building industries and foods, will be five per cent for the period starting
from May 2000 to April 2000. Tariff which are five per cent or less
will remain the same. In the same context, effective from April 2000,
import duty which is five per cent or less will remain the same on raw
materials and certain parts for manufacturing heavy duty equipment parts
as well as certain parts for assembly of heavy duty equipment, raw/materials/sub-components/auxiliary
materials for manufacturing electronic components, raw materials for manufacturing
automotive components, and materials for manufacturing components, equipment
and bodies of special motor vehicles.
2001, the government has decided to reduce import tariffs between zero
and 25 per cent on over 1,000 product items. The import tariff reduction
affects a wide range of products including paint, varnish, cosmetics, woven
cotton clothes, gold (not coin), platinum, cooking wares, screws, gloves,
bed covers, toys, synthetic flowers, watches, electrical devices and many
Preferential duties under trade agreements
||As the vast majority of Indonesia
imports are subject to MFN rates, Indonesia tariff preferences are essentially
confined to ASEAN partners. Duty rates under the Common Effective
Preferential Tariff (CEPT) scheme, are only valid for imported goods bearing
certificates of origin from ASEAN countries except goods valued under
US$ 200 FOB. The preferences relate to the implementation of the
AFTA scheme, since the vast majority of Indonesian imports are subject
to MFN rates.
||Indonesia is a member of the
Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) together with Brunei, Cambodia,
Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, the Philippines, Singapore, Thailand and Vietnam.
ASEAN aimed at promoting economic, social, cultural and scientific ties,
as well as trade and monetary policies. Other areas of cooperation
among ASEAN members include harmonization of standards, reciprocal recognition
of tests and certification of products.
In 1992, ASEAN members called
for the formation of an ASEAN Free Trade Area. In December 1998 members
agreed to implement the AFTA by 1 of January 2002. In this regard,
the six original founding members of ASEAN, Brunei Darussalam, Indonesia,
Malaysia, Philippines, Singapore, and Thailand, would advance the implementation
of AFTA from 2003 to 2002. In addition, a minimum of 85% of
the tariff lines in the Inclusion List of these nations would be reduced
to 0-5% by 2000 and 90% by 2001. Vietnam which joined ASEAN in 1995
would implement its tariff reductions to 0-5% by 2003; Laos and Myanmar
which joined the group in 1997, will complete the reductions by 2005.
Cambodia joined ASEAN in 1999 and will complete the tariff reductions by
2010. No common external tariff is planned; tariff rates on imports
from non-Asean countries will continue to be determined individually.
since 1 of January 2003, the ASEAN countries have announced the abolishment
of tariffs on 60 per cent of traded goods and the introduction of a 5%
on import tariffs within its six original members, i.e. Indonesia, Brunei,
Malaysia, the Philippines, Singapore and Thailand. Products affected
essentially by this measure are electronic products, machinery items and
petrochemicals. And good excluded from the tariff-reduction agreement
are goods of key industries in some of the member countries; for
example, Indonesia and the Philippines will delay the 5% cap on sugar and
petroleum, and Malaysia will shelve the cap on car imports, until 2005.
As for Cambodia, Myanmar, Lao People's Democratic Republic and Vietnam,
the four ASEAN's latecomers, will introduce the 5 per cent tariff cap only
Indonesia is also a member
of the Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) along with Australia, Brunei,
Canada, Chile, China, Chinese Taipei, Hong Kong, Japan, Rep. of Korea,
Malaysia, Mexico, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea, Peru, the Philippines,
Russia, Singapore, Thailand, the United States, and Vietnam. APEC
is a multilateral forum formed in 1989 so that Asian and Pacific economies
can promote economic cooperation and mutual assistance in developing key
economic sectors, including trade and investment. On 15 of November
1994, member countries agreed to implement open and free trade among themselves
by 2020, with advanced industrialized nations realizing the trade liberalization
goal by 2010. At their 1997 meeting in Vancouver, APEC leaders agreed
on Voluntary Sectoral Liberalization (EVSL) to take place in 15 sectors
and the tariff elements of nine sectors were identified under the accelerated
tariff liberalization (ATL) package i.e. chemicals, energy, environment,
fish and fish products, forest products, gems and jewellery, medical equipment
and instruments, and toys, as well as a mutual recognition agreement concerning
telecommunications. The ATL initiative aimed to achieve a zero target
for almost all the sectors by 2005.
ASEAN summit was held in Phnom Penh, Cambodia from 4 to 6 November 2002.
During this meeting, several free trade plans were developed involving
14 Asian countries, i.e. the 10 Asean members such as Indonesia, Brunei,
Cambodia, Indonesia, Lao PDR, Malaysia, Myanmar, the Philippines, Singapore,
Thailand, and Vietnam, China, India, Japan and the Republic of Korea.
The objectives of these free-trade plans are to quicken the pace of trade
liberalization and foster multilateralism in the region.
||Indonesia through the framework
of ASEAN, maintains a commercial and economic cooperation agreement with
the European Union. The agreement provides for most favoured-nation
treatment and studies to remove trade barriers, create new trade patterns,
and recommend trade promotion measures.
trade initiative between the ASEAN and the U.S.A. has been set up as the
Enterprise for Asean Initiative (EAI), which objectives aim at developing
the Southeast Asian Region, and enhance close U.S. ties with ASEAN.
The EAI offers bilateral free trade agreements (FTAs) between the United
States and individual ASEAN countries, by determining jointly the launching
of FTA negotiations.
members and China leaders decided in Brunei on November 2001 to work on
creating a free trade area within the next ten years.
||An income tax on imports at
the rate of 2.5% of the c.i.f. value is imposed on licensed importers
and at the rate of 7.5% on other importers. Most imports subject
to reduced or suspended rates of import duties are also granted exemption
of income tax on imports.
Internal taxes and charges levied
||A value added tax of 10% is
levied on most imported and domestically produced goods. Capital
goods are exempt from the value-added tax, as of 1 of April 1998.
Exemptions of value added tax is granted to goods (either imported by government
enterprises or not yet domestically produced) as detailed in Decree
No. 41 of 2 June 1994; the exemption list includes: basic materials
for making bank notes, coins, stamps and gold ingots, cattle and poultry
feed, arms, ammunition, water, under-water and air transport vehicles,
books on sciences, medical equipment and health care instruments, contraceptives
for the national family planning programme, machinery, equipment, software
and basic materials for use in shipbuilding and for the manufacture of
aircrafts, explosives, arms and ammunition.
||Luxury goods are subject to
a tax ranging from 10% to 75%. They
include manufacturing products such as motor vehicles, alcoholic beverages,
bottled or canned food or drink, and perfume. And, excise taxes are
levied at various rates on certain products such as cigarettes 10%, alcoholic
beverages 80% and, sugar. Excise exemptions are set on ethyl alcohol,
sliced tobacco, and beer used as raws materials or auxiliary materials
in the manufacture of end products as excisable goods.
taxes have been increased between 0.34% and 22.47% as of 25 of April 2001,
in order to boost city revenues, in accordance to the issuance of Governor
Decree No.33/2001 on vehicles taxes and change of vehicle ownership taxes.
PRICE CONTROL MEASURES
Until late 1995, Indonesia
had no anti-dumping or countervailing legislation. A new anti-dumping
and countervailing regulation was introduced as part of the 1995 Customs
Law, and complemented by Government Regulation 34/1996 of 4 June 1996,
and Ministerial Decrees 136/MPP/Kep/6/1996 and 172/MPPkep/7/1996 with the
latter establishing the Indonesian Anti-Dumping Committee. The rules
on countervailing measures were introduced at the same time and in the
same legislation as those on antidumping. Countervailing like anti-dumping
cases are investigated by the Anti-dumping Operation Team.
||Since the adoption of the
new legislation, Indonesia has initiated several antidumping actions, among
which duties were imposed against imports of HRC/Plate products from Russia,
China, India and Ukraine, and against imports of wire rod from India and
Turkey. With the semi-annual report of anti-dumping actions covering
the period 1 January to 30 June 2000, the following actions have been taken
against wheat flour from Australia and the United Arab Emirates and the
European Union; sorbitol from the European Union; hot-rolled coil
(HRC) from India; carbon black from India and Thailand.
||Exchange control is administered
by Bank of Indonesia, the Ministry of Trade and Industry, the Ministry
of Finance, foreign exchange banks, and the customs authorities.
Import payments may be made by any method acceptable in international commerce.
QUANTITY CONTROL MEASURES
||Licensing under the authority
of Department of Trade, Jalan Abdul Muis 87, Jakarta; applications for
licences may be submitted to the regional office of the Ministry of Trade
and Industry. Importers must be registered and possess a valid importer's
license. In conformity with decree No. 125Kp/VI/1994 of 27 June 1994 on
trade procedure regulations, Indonesia's licensing system classifies goods
according to the category of importer permitted to import the product concerned.
Non-restricted goods may be imported by the category of general importers
(IU); restricted goods may be imported by the categories of approved importers
(IT), producer importers (IP), sole importers (AT), and state trading companies
such as DAHANA, PERTAMINA and BULOG. Goods are generally classified
as being importable by only one category of importer. However, various
goods remain authorized to be imported by both general importers (IU),
or approved importers/sole importers (IT/AT).
the number of items subject to import restrictions and special licensing
is being reduced, the following products continue to be regulated:
goods such as alcoholic beverages, hand tools, artificial sweeteners, engines
and pumps, tractors, rice, lube oil, and explosives.
||Under decree No. 311/Kp/X/1993
of 23 October 1993, imports of used machinery, machine tools and other
capital goods can only be realized by direct user companies and reconditioning
companies. In the case of small scale industries, a permit is required
from the Director General of the local Office Head of Foreign Trade.
Imports for small scale industries may also be conducted by specified state
trading organizations holding an IT.
Decree 98/MPP/Kep/2/1998 rules
import of capital goods under chapters 82, 84, 85, 87 and 89 of the customs
Imports of ammonium nitrate
used as basic material of explosives are restricted to P.T. (persero) DAHANA
and other companies appointed by the Ministry of Defence and Security.
General importers (IU) may
import motor vehicles in CBU condition the types and trade marks of which
have been domestically produced without certificates of non objection from
trade mark holder, sole importers; however approved importers/sole
importers (IT/AT) may import motor vehicles in CBU condition with types
and trade marks not domestically produced yet. Imports by the category
of approved importers/sole importers (IT/AT) are determined by the Minister
of trade with the suggestion of the Minister of Industry.
Apart from non-restricted goods,
general importers may also import certain aluminium plates, sheets and
strips, and reciprocating piston engins for propelling vehicles in CKD
contertrade scheme is stipulated for any import of goods and equipment
by government institutions for a value of five hundred million rupiah,
and financed by the state budget, and or commercial credit. Countertrade
regulations are contained in the export policy package of 1982 and subsequent
ministerial instructions. As a rule, a foreign supplier who wins
a government tender is obligated to purchase Indonesian commodities
of non-petroleum and gas export in amount equal to the value of goods bought
||Heavy equipment used for oil
and gas mining and exploitations imported at suspended rates require a
recommendation from the Director General of oil and Gas.
Import of motor vehicles for
tourism and sports for temporary use in Indonesia according to their schedules
of activities must be accompanied by recommendations from either the State
Police Chief or the Chairman of the Central Board of the Indonesian Motor
Ammonium nitrate not used as
basic material of explosives, basic materials for milk processing and non-milk
industries, finished milk products, and certain other goods may only be
imported by companies appointed as approved importers (IT) subject to prior
approval by the Director General of Foreign Trade.
permit from the director general of medicines and food control of the Ministry
of Health is required to import medicines, including traditional and herbal
medicines. Alcoholic beverages, and artificial sweeteners, certain
categories of food, beverages, fruit and other agricultural products may
be imported only by registered importers designated by the Minister of
Trade and Industry.
of the following goods are subject to licensing requirements: live animals
such as live horses, asses, mules and hinnies, pure-bred breeding animals;
live swines; live sheep and goats; and live poultry, i.e. ducks, geese,
turkeys and guinea fowls.
from the Ministry of Agriculture or a designated official is required for
the importation of certain kinds of plants and seedlings.
of pesticides are assigned one of the following three kinds of permits
depending on information submitted about the product's content to the Pesticide
Division of the Ministry of Agriculture: A trial permit when data concerning
product safety and side effects are incomplete; a temporary permit, granted
when available data are considered adequate and allows the product to be
distributed to the public only under strict controls; and a permanent permit,
issued when the pesticide's contents have been disclosed fully and approved.
||Indonesia has ratified the
Washington Convention (Convention on International Trade in Endangered
Species of Wild Fauna and Flora, CITES). As a Party, Indonesia maintains
import controls on a number of animals and plants including their parts
||The following imports are
subject to licensing: motor vehicles, hand tools, engines and pumps,
tractors, lubricating oil and explosives. Imports
of videotapes and laser discs are subject to approval by the censorship
||Foods, beverages, and cloves
may be imported by registered importers (IT) in conformity with the quantity
and types stipulated by the Director General of Foreign Trade.
Producer importers (IP) are
approved to import goods solely required for their production process (i.e.
oil cake, salt, various articles of iron, alloy or non-alloy steel, machinery
and appliances, electric motors, generators, and certain tractors only
in CKD condition) in conformity with the quantity and need stipulated by
the Director General of Foreign Trade.
||The release into free circulation
of substances controlled by the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete
the Ozone Layer (1987) (CFCs, halons, alone or in mixtures) imported from
a state that is a party to the Protocol, is subject to quantitative limits.
||The importation of used machinery,
equipment and other capital goods indicated on the negative list attached
to decree No. 311/Kp/X1993 of 23 October 1993 is prohibited.
prohibition is set by the Ministry of Health for public hospitals, to use
used or refurbished medical equipment.
prohibition is set on chicken parts since October 2000.
degree (PP No. 69/1999) bans the advertising of beverages with an alcohol
content of 1 percent or more beginning 21 of July 2000. The same
measure also prohibits companies from advertising any claimed medicinal
properties of food products.
prohibition is set on chicken parts since October 2000.
the outbreak of foot and mouth diseases in Europe and Argentina, the Government
of Indonesia has taken measures in prohibiting the importation on live
animals and animal products of ruminant and pig as of March 2001.
the increase of BSE incidences in Europe and the ban of the use of MBM
as a feed stuff to all farm animals, Indonesia has prohibited the importation
of live animals and animal products of ruminant origin from EC member states
since December 2000 and 1 of January 2001.
||Imports of phenol derivatives
containing only halogen substances and their salts, such as sodium pentachlorophenate,
ethylene dibromide pesticides, plastic waste and scrap are prohibited.
As a Party to the Montreal
Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer (1987) and its
following amendments, Indonesia operates a ban on the import of controlled
substances listed in Annex A to the protocol (chlorofluorocarbons and halons)
from any state not party to this convention. This ban will be extended
to ten additional types of fully halogenated CFCs, carbon tetrachloride
and methyl chloroform (Annex B to the Protocol).
||Imports of printed material
including books, magazines, newspapers, and leaflets, written in Bahasa
Indonesian, Chinese languages, or other regional languages or characters,
audio and video cassettes, films and colour photocopy machines are prohibited.
The import ban extends to cigarette paper and paper for packing cigarettes
and drugs, and bearing printed texts in any language. Are exempted
from import prohibition, literature material and other printed matters
for educational use, and technical or industrial books connected with industrial
of February 2000, the Ministry of Industry and Trade issued two decrees
banning imports of fully-assembled automobiles with engines larger than
4000cc, and 4X4 sports utility vehicles with engines larger than 5000 cc.
to protect local manufacturers, including weavers and knitters, the Indonesian
Government has announced important restrictions of fabric imports from
China and other countries.
on Textile and Clothing (ACT): Further notification of Indonesia containing
corrections to the notification made pursuant to paragraphs 8 (a) and 11
of Article 2.
||In accordance with government
regulation No. 32/1991 of 11 June 1991, raw materials for the production
of medicines must be in compliance with the list of substances of which
the import does not violate the patent laws. In addition videotapes
and laser discs are subject to approval by the censorship board.
Single channel for imports
||State Trading Monopolies are
set on the following goods, and are carried out by the following agencies:
imports of petroleum and fuels, petroleum based lubricants, by PERTAMINA,
Natural Gas Mining Company, Jalan Merdeka Timur 1A, P.O. Box 12, Jakarta;
imports of propellent powder, dynamite, ammunition and explosive gelatin
by the PT DAHANA, Jalan Gunung Sahari 84A, Jakarta; exclusive rights
to import rice other basic necessities, by BULOG, National Logistic Agency,
Jalan Gatot Subroto Kav. 49, P.O. Box 2345, Jakarta.
Indonesia is in the process
of eliminating monopolies and privatizing state-owned enterprises.
||Goods channelled through
sole importers (AT) include heavy duty equipment, electronic equipment,
and household electric appliances in accordance with decree No. 125/KP/VI/1994
of 27 June 1994.
Prior to 1998, state owThe
National ned companies controlled the import of certain processed foods
and beverages; but since January 1998, the list of products has been
reduced to saccharin, na-cyclamate and alcoholic beverages.
Indonesian government imports must be carried on Indonesian vessels.
||The National Standardization
Agency (Baden Standardisasi Nasional) has been established in 1997.
It deals with the development and approval of national standards, the accreditation
of testing and calibration laboratories, certification bodies and technical
inspection bodies, international cooperation in standardization activities,
the harmonization of international standards with national standards and
standards information services.
Standards related to health,
safety and consumer protection are applied to domestic and imported
products alike. They are based on international standards, as those
set by the Codex Alimentarius, ISO, and the International Electrotechnical
Commission for electro-technical specifications.
||Quality standards are imposed
on the import of frozen shrimps, frozen frogs and frozen tuna. Restrictive
aspects of standardization are set on consumer packed infant formula.
Plywood, calibration marks, and motor vehicles are also subject to standard
Within the framework of guaranteeing
the quality of imported pharmaceutical products, a certificate of analysis
from the manufacturer of the products and a certificate from the authorized
official in the manufacturer's country are require as a guarantee proving
that the pharmaceutical products fulfil the requirements regarding good
manufacturing practices according to the WHO standards (certificate of
and beverages for sale in Indonesia must comply with regulation PO. 04.02.3.01510
of 5 June 1998, which sets the maximum allowance of caffeine used in food
supplements produced, imported and distributed in Indonesia must conform
to the requirements stated in regulation HK 00.063.02360; in addition they
must be produced in compliance with good food manufacturing practice.
of food and drug-related products must be registered with the Ministry
of Health. A ceiling of radio-activity is established on milk
and dairy products, fresh and prepared fruits and vegetables, fresh and
prepared fish and seafood, meat and meat products, mineral water, maize,
wheat and barley. Registration requirements for all imported or domestically
produced medicines with the Ministry of Health. Processed foods and
other imported or domestically produced foodstuffs, including food supplements,
must be registered with the Ministry of Health which requires a sample
of the products and product label, an explanatory brochure, a letter of
certification from the foreign producer with the name of the importer included,
and a health certificate issued by the authorized body in the country of
origin. Registration requirement of medical
devices, cosmetics, and household health supplies in order to protect consumers,
by Regulation No. 140/Menkes/Per/III/1991 on the obligation to register
medical devices, cosmetics, and household health supplies.
food supplement that covers a wide range of edible products, either in
solid or liquid form, must be registered at the Directorate General of
Food and Drugs, Department of Health.
has been created by the Directorate General of Food and Drugs through Regulation
No. HK 00.06.1.4.01985 of 24 August 1998, as a coordinating team, for the
registration of drugs, food and beverages, traditional drugs, cosmetics,
health care equipment, and narcotics.
imported or domestically produced must meet the following requirement:
SN1 01-3140.1-2001 by reference to Codex Alimentarius Commission Volume
II, Sugar, Cocoa Product, and Chocolate and Miscellaneous Products, FAO,
|Sanitary or phytosanitary
certificates are required for imports of live animals, meat, meat products,
fresh and chilled or frozen fish, fresh and preserved or prepared vegetables
and fruits, oilseeds and oleaginous fruits, edible fats and oils, cut flowers
and materials of animal and vegetable origin. For imports of potatoes,
an additional statement must be inserted on the health certificate to the
effect that the shipment is free from wart disease (synchrytrium endobioticum)
and that the potatoes have been grown at a distance of at least 500 meters
from any other potato plant that might be infected by this disease.
For imports of fruit, the health certificate must include a statement
that the fruit is free from fruit fly. Fresh fruit must have been
in a refrigerated state for a period of seventeen days at 37°F or less
prior to importation.
Standardization Agency regulates the maximum microbiological contaminant
levels and maximum limits of pesticide and veterinary drugs in food of
animal origin applied in Indonesia.
requirement of fertilizers and pesticides with the Ministry of Agriculture.
are set as standard requirement for fertilizers whether domestically produced
||A certificate of origin confirmed
by a recognized chamber of commerce is required for imports of drugs and
|Marking, packaging and labelling
of tobacco products, wine and spirits, cosmetics and hygiene articles must
comply with the Indonesian standards.
requirements including warning signs and instructions for medical devices
and cosmetics, household health supplies in order to prevent misunderstanding,
misuse, and to overcome accidents.
labelling requirements have been enacted through presidential decree (PPNo.
69/1999), which compels manufacturers and importers to provide at a minimum
the name of the products, a list of ingredients, net weight, name of the
manufacturer or distributor, and expiration date on all food and beverage
labels, with the information printed in Indonesian.
Imports of food products must
be labelled in English or Indonesian with the name of the food and/or brand
name etc.; all perishable foods must be labelled with an expiration
date determined by the Ministry of Health; expiration dates are also
required for certain other food including powdered or dry milk, baby food,
bread and bread products and nutritional supplements. Storage and
preparation instructions must be provided when applicable.
Sweetened and condensed milk
must bear the following statement: "Warning not suitable for infants below
six months old!" Products containing pork must bear the words "contains
pork", printed in red ink within a red box, the type size may not be smaller
than 12 points. Specific statement are required on labels for certain
other food products including milk and food containing milk, baby food,
commercially sterilized canned food, artificial sweetener, breast milk
substitute, food additives, and irradiated food. Imported medicines
must bear the name of medicine, its composition, its weight or content,
dosage instructions, indications and contraindications, expiration date,
registration and production code numbers, and the name and address of the
Indonesia-based manufacturer or distributor. Information must appear
in the Indonesian language in addition to the original language.
Alcoholic beverages must be
labelled with the name of the product, the alcohol content, net weight
or net volume, materials used, names and addresses of the producer and
importer, and the statement "alcoholic drinks".
The Indonesian Government will
support the operation of the national ecolabelling institution. By
the year 2000, all wood-based products in the world markets are required
to be produced from timber estates. The funds will be derived from
the Reforestation Fund, for forest rehabilitation. The programme
is being supported by the World Bank, the European Union and the International
Tropical Organization, (ITTO).
By ratifying of the Basel Convention
of 22 March 1989, on the Control of Transboundary Movements of Hazardous
Wastes and their Disposal, Indonesia committed itself to protect by strict
control, human health and the environment against the adverse effects which
may result from the generation and management of hazardous and other wastes.
Regulation No. 69/1999 on Food Labelling and Advertisement, requires that
labels clearly describe ingredients used especially as food additives,
beside other non-SPS requirements. Labels should indicate irradiated
food, including other related technical information; the same requirement
is set on GMO product labelling.
||Various quarantine, inspection
or testing requirements apply to live animals, fish, plants, fruits, vegetables,
fertilizers, insecticides and pesticides as well as blood transfusion equipment.
Seeds, plants and plant products
may only be imported through specified points of entry. The permit
to import must be accompanied by a plant health certificate from the country
of origin, and they are subject to inspection in Indonesia at the expense
of the importer.
fertilizers must undergo a field test before they may be registered and
imported in Indonesia.
the standard requirement for raw sugar, defines equally raw sugar quality
requirements, its method of sampling and method of testing.
proposed regulation of the Centre for Agricultural Quarantine, Ministry
of Agriculture, aims at implementing Law No.2 of 1992, concerning Animal,
Fish and Plant Quarantine, stipulating mainly the requirements and quarantine
actions for the importation into, transit in and inter-islands movements
within the territory of the Republic of Indonesia of live animal, animal
products, products of animal origin and any other media capable of transmitting
epizootics. This will supersede the provisions of Government Regulation
No.15 of 1977 concerning the refusal, prevention, eradication and treatment
of animal diseases to the extent relevant to animal quarantine.
||Finished milk products must
be registered at the Department of Health. Any type and brand of
motor vehicle must be registered at Directorate General of Basic Metal,
Machinery and Electronics Industry of the Department of Industry.
Food products and medical products may only be registered after samples
being tested by the Department of Health. Imported finished drugs
must be registered in accordance with the effective provisions, and the
exporting country must be the country of origin. Pharmaceuticals
may only be registered if they incorporate high technology and are products
of the registered company own research.
Based on the joint decree Nos.
201/Kp/VII/1992 & 107/M/SK/VII/1992, imports of used machinery,
machine tools and other capital goods must be preceded by a pre-shipment
inspection in the country of the loading port.
with decree No. 745 of 30 December 1992, meat imports with the exception
of pork must be accompanied by a certificate confirming that the slaughter
process conforms with the requirements of Islam.
14 January 2000, imported electronic products must be accompanied by a
card that guarantees free maintenance of the products for at least one
year; manuals that contain complete information about the product's use,
maintenance and specifications must accompany the goods.
such as special sanitation, and fumigation are required for the import
of goods generally prohibited or restricted. In addition, goods originating
from places infected with pests and cholera must be disinfected before
they may be imported.
requirement for imported plant propagating materials and plant products.
propagating materials and plant products must be imported through designated