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Information on cotton

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Selected Sources of Statistics
Selected references
Clever links
Monthly Press Release
Besides the Outlook of world cotton market made available to Infocomm users by the International Cotton Advisory Committee (ICAC), ICAC also produces press releases relating to the state of the international cotton market.

Site map

Characteristics - Description and technical features
- Origin and history
Crop - Cultivation
- Yields
- Cotton pests and diseases
- Glossary

- United States cotton standards
- Examples of other national standards
- Classification of cotton fibres


- Major uses of cotton fibres
- Major uses of cottonseeds

Market - Cotton production
- Consumption
- International trade in cotton
- Fair Trade Cotton Market

- Brief overiew of world cotton chain
- Production and marketing of cotton in China
- The US cotton industry
- Cotton marketing systems in Eastern Europe and Central - Asia (with special reference to Uzbekistan)
- Cotton sectors in Africa
- Cotton chain in Pakistan

Companies - International organisations (inter- and non-governmental)
- Professional associations and national bodies
- Companies
Technology - Spinning
- Further finishing processes
Prices - Price developments
- The futures market and contracts
- E-commerce
Economic policies

- International Cotton Advisory Committee
- Overview of selected trade and economic policies
- Trade disputes and negotiations

- Cotton Issue at the Sixth WTO Ministerial Conference
- WTO Cotton Sub-Committee

Selected sources of statistics

- FAOSTAT Databases
- UNCTAD Handbook of Statistics 2008
   • The report can be downloaded in English, French, or Spanish,
   • The UNCTAD handbook database is accesible in both English and French.
- UNCTAD Commodity Price Bulletin
- OECD-FAO Agricultural Outlook Database
- USDA Economics, Statistics and Market Information System (ESMIS) - Homepage
   • Cotton and Wool Outlook
   • Cotton and Wool Yearbook
   • Cotton: World Markets and Trade
World Agricultural Supply and Demand Estimates
- International Cotton Advisory Committee (ICAC)
Statistiques mondiales,
Cotton: Review of the World Situation
- International Textile Manufacturers Federation (ITMF), International Cotton Industry Statistics.


Facteurs de performance et de compétitivité des exploitations cotonnières au Brésil, aux États-Unis et au Mali (P. Mendez del Villar, L. RA Alvez , M. Sadio Keita) : Cahiers Agricultures vol. 15, n° 1, janvier-février 2006. To access the summary or the table of contents of the issue in English, please click the relevant link.

- World Bank Policy Research Working Papers
   • The World Trade Organization's Doha cotton initiative : a tale of two issues (Kym Anderson, Ernesto Valenzuela), May 2006
   • Cotton - Marketing Setting, Trade Policies, and Issues (J. Baffes), February 2004
   • Farm productivity and market structure : evidence from cotton reforms in Zambia (Irene Brambilla, Guido G. Porto), May 2006

- International Cotton Advisory Committee (ICAC) : examples of papers issued by the Committee in 2008:
   • Privatization/Liberalization of the African Cotton Sector and Competitive Production, Report on a Round Table Discussion at the 6th Annual Congress of the
African Cotton Association (ACA), 13-15 March 2008
   • Government Support to the Cotton Industry, 29 May 2008
   • Outlook for world cotton supply and use, 23 May 2008
   • Update on Costs of Producing Cotton in the World, 3-5 April 2008
   • Speculation and Cotton Prices, April 2008

To view and access other ICAC publications, please consult ICAC website. See, for instance, Cotton Facts: ICAC and CFC, 2003

Cotton Exporter’s Guide: Centre du commerce international, 2007

Cotton Ginners Handbook: United States Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, December 1994

Training Manual on Cotton Trading Operations: UNCTAD/WTO International Trade Centre, 1989

Que sais-je? Le coton et l'industrie cotonnière (P. de Calan), 1996

Atlas on Regional Integration in West Africa: ECOWAS-SWAC/OECD (august 2006), see the chapter on cotton.

Clever Links

General information on cotton

Cotton-Forum (Particularly the documentation section)

Gossypium spp. - Cotton: Food and Agriculture Organisation of the United Nations

Cotton - Gossypium hirsutum: Texas A&M University, Department of Plant Pathology and Microbiology

- Geocoton (Dagris) - French only
   • Information on cotton
   • Dictionary
   • Trilingual dictionary

Pest Management: National Cotton Council of America

How to Manage Pests - Cotton: University of California, Agriculture and Natural Resources, IPM Program

Cotton Homepage: University of Georgia, College of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences

Facts and Figures: Cotton Australia

Cotton Homepage: Queensland Government (Department of Primary Industries and Fisheries)

Story of Cotton:

Cotton: Executive brief (August 2007), Agritrade

Cotton, news, Agritrade

Possibilités d’amélioration de la principale espèce cultivée de cotonnier (Gossypium hirsutum L.) pour la résistance au nématode réniforme (Rotylenchulus reniformis Linford et Oliveira), Biotechnologie, Agronomie, Société et Environnement, Volume 11 (2007) - French only


2008 Buyers guide, Cotton Council International

Classification of U.S. Cotton, Cotton Council International

Official Cotton Standards for 2007 - 2008, Cotton Council International

Cotton Standardization: United States Department of Agriculture

Classification of Upland Cotton: Cotton Incorporated

Classification of American Pima Cotton: Cotton Incorporated

Tanzania Cotton Board

International Bureau for the Standardisation of Man Made Fibres

Le classement : un savoir-faire et une technologie, Géocoton (Dagris) - French only


Le tissage, comment ça marche?: Tenthorey S.A - French only

- Géocoton (Dagris) - French only
   • L'huile de coton : 5 ème huile alimentaire dans le monde
   • Dans le coton, tout est bon ou presque...


- United States Department of Agriculture (USDA)
   • Cotton - World Markets and Trade
   • Cotton and Wool Outlook
   • Cotton and Wool Yearbook

- International Cotton Advisory Committee (ICAC)
   • Note de conjoncture mensuelle
   • Revue de presse périodique
   • Autres documents

Note de conjoncture cotonnière : Géocoton (Dagris) - French only


Country report: Pakistan, 22-26 octobre 2007, ICAC

Chad Cotton Sector Reform, Banque mondiale

Reforming the Cotton Sector in Sub-Saharan Africa: Banque mondiale (novembre 2003)

- African Economic Outlook, OECD
   • Annual report 2008 : English version - French version
   • A domestic analysis is available for 35 African countries.
   • Previous years reports can be downloaded following this link (see bottom of the page)

On Burkina Faso, Benin, Chad, Ivory Coast, Mali, and Niger, please refer to website - French only

Projet de développement d'une culture de coton génétiquement modifié au Mali: Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock and Fisheries - French only

Programme de promotion du coton biologique au Mali, Rapport annuel d'activités 2005 (Bamako, février 2006) - French only

Analyse économique de l'impact de la recherche sur le coton au Niger: Purdue University, Department of Agricultural Economics (Dec. 2001) - French only

"Cotton Taxation in Uzbekistan", World Bank, August 2005.

Market intelligence and recent information as regards cotton in Western Africa, USDA, December 21, 2005 : site d'information sur l'agriculture au Pakistan

International, professional, trade and research organisations

International Cotton Advisory Committee (ICAC)

OECD - Sahel and West Africa Club

International Center for Trade and Sustainable Development (ICTSD)

Committee for International Co-operation between Cotton Associations (CICCA)

China National Cotton Exchange (China)

California Cotton Ginners Association and the California Cotton Growers Association (United States)

Cotton Council International (CCI) (United States)

National Cotton Council of America (United States)

National Cottonseed Products Association (United States)

Supima Association of America (United States)

US Cotton Board (United States)

Association Française Cotonnière (AFCOT) (France)

International Cotton Association Limited


Otto Stadtlander GmbH (Germany)

Namoi Cotton Cooperative Ltd. (Australia)

Queensland Cotton Corporation Ltd (Australia)

Weil Brothers Cotton Aust Pty Ltd (Australia)

Louis Dreyfus Cotton International NV (Belgium)

Chinatex (China)

Daewoo Textile Company (Korea, Rep of)

Industrial Promotion Services, IPS (Côte d'Ivoire)

Allenberg Cotton Co. (United Statess)

Anderson Clayton Corp (United States)

Calcot Ltd. (United States)

Cargill (United States)

Dunavant Enterprises, Inc (United States)

Ecom Agroindustrial Corp Ltd (United States)

Jess Smith & sons Cotton Ltd (United States)

Paul Reinhart Inc (United States)

Plains Cotton Cooperative Association (United States)

Staple Cotton Cooperative Association (United States)

Geocoton (France), formerly Dagris -
   • Les filiales nationales French only

Devcot SA (France)

Mambo Commodities (France)

Toyo Cotton (Japan) Co (Japan)

Toyoshima & Co Ltd (Japan)

Uzprommashimpeks (Uzbekistan)

Central Cotton Company Limited (United Kingdom)

Plexus Cotton Ltd (United Kingdom)

Weil Brothers & Stern Ltd (United Kingdom)

Olam International Ltd (Singapore)

The Sudan Cotton Co. ltd. (Sudan)

Cogecot Cotton Company SA (Switzerland)

Ecom Agroindustrial Corp Ltd (Switzerland)

Glencore International

Cargill Tanzania Ltd (Tanzania)

Etem Ozsoy Tarim Ticaret Ve Sanayi As (Turkey)

Cargill Zimbabwe Pvt Ltd (Zimbabwe)

Cotton Company of Zimbabwe (Zimbabwe)

Industry directories


- Geocoton (Dagris)
   • Dictionnaire du coton
   • Dictionnaire trilingue du coton

Cotton Fibers: Xiao Gao and Praveen Kumar Jangala

International Service for the Acquisition of Agri-biotech Applications (ISAAA)

National Institute for Agricultural Research (INRA)


Cotton Outlook

- How commodity price volatility impedes poverty reduction, and what to do about it, Oli Brown, Alec Crawford, Jason Gibson, International Institute for Sustainable Development (IISD), January 2008
   • English version (PDF - 6.8 mb),
   • French version (PDF - 6.6 mb),
   • Spanish version (PDF - 6.4 mb).

Price Volatility in the Cotton Yarn Industry: Lessons from India, Alec Crawford, Institut international du développement durable (IISD), October 2007

Le coton africain dans le marché mondial: International Cotton Advisory Committee (ICAC) - French only

La compétitivité du coton de la zone franc dans le marché mondial: International Cotton Advisory Committee (ICAC) - French only

"L’Impact sur l’Economie Malienne du Nouveau Mécanisme de Fixation du Prix du Coton Graine", Oxfam/Cirad/IER Ecofil, August 2005 - French only

La crise du coton de l'OMC et la crise des prix des matières premières, Institut pour la politique agricole et commerciale, August 2006

Economic policies

Accomplishing a sustainable agricultural model for Europe through the reformed CAP - the tobacco, olive oil, cotton and sugar sectors: Communication from the European Commission to the Council and European Parliament

The Cotton Sector: Working paper of the European Commission's Directorate-General for Agriculture

The Changing Pattern of International Trade in Textiles and Clothing - Implications of the Introduction of the Agreement of Textiles and Clothing (ATC) on the African Textiles and Clothing Sector: International Trade Centre (ITC)

Textiles and Clothing: What Happens After 2005?: International Trade Centre (ITC)

The Multilateral Trading System and the New Political Economy for Textiles and Clothing: International Trade Centre (ITC)

Briefing Room - Cotton: United States Department of Agriculture (USDA)

The Development Dimension, Cotton in West Africa - The Economic and Social Stakes, OECD, 5 December 2006

For an EU-Africa cotton partnership: P. Lamy, EU-Africa Forum on cotton (5 juillet 2004)

EU-Africa Cotton Forum: Pascal Lamy proposes a joint strategy for African countries

Cotton: EU-Africa Forum to outline roadmap supporting African Cotton (2 July 2004)

Préserver un futur au coton africain : la revendication légitime d'équité dans les échanges mondiaux ne sera pas suffisante: French Agricultural Research Centre for International Development (CIRAD)

Ideas Centre International Trade Development Economic Governance Advisory Services

Subisdies and Regulatory Reform in West African Cotton: What are the Development Stakes? (Groupe d'Economie Mondiale, March 2007 - PDF file)

Production and trade policies affecting the cotton industry: ICAC, September 2006


Enhanced cooperation is being established between the International Cotton Advisory Committee (ICAC) and UNCTAD to promote information exchanges and transparency on the cotton market. In this regard, information on international cotton market is regularly updated as the ICAC makes available to Infocomm an abstract of its monthly outlook as regards the World Cotton Situation. For more information, please consult ICAC website.

Last updated on January 4, 2011